In the 9th century, Adi Shankara was established by originally Badrinath pilgrimage as a site. They discovered the Badrinath image in the Alaknanda River and preserved it in a grotto nearby the Tapt Kund hot springs are considered to be medicinal. The tapt kund hot springs have a year around temperature of 45°C. In the 6th century, the king of Garhwal relocated the murti to the current temple.
The temple of Badrinath is devoted to Vishnu. The Badrinath temple is also known as Badrinarayan or Badri Vishal. Badrinath is described sitting in the lotus posture (padmasana) in the feet are situated on reverse thighs. Badrinath temple is located at Alaknanda River in the hill town of Badrinath in Uttarakhand state in India. It is widely measured to be one of the sacred Hindu temples. The temple and town are one of the 4 Char Dham pilgrimage as a site. It is also one of the 108 Divya Desams holy temples of Vaishnavites.
The Badrinath temple is open only 6 months every year among the April end and the starting of November due to radical weather conditions in the area of Himalayan. Every year in the November the Badrinath town is closed, the murti is moved to Jyotirnath.
The Badrinath temple is about 50 ft tall with a small cupola on top, covered with a gold gilt roof. The inside mandapa is a wide pillared hall. It leads to the garbha grha or major shine area. The pillars and walls of the mandapa are covered with complicate carvings. The major temple area houses the black stone image of Lord Badrinarayan sitting under a gold canopy, under a Badri tree.
Around the temple are 15tn more murtis worshipped including of Nara and Narayana, Lakshmi Narada, Garuda, Ganesha, Narasimha, Kubera, Navadurga and Uddhava. Badrinath temple provided the usual prasad like tulsi, hard sugar candy, dry fruits and pongal.
Panch Badris or Five Badris
The temple of Badrinath is one of 5 related temples called as Panch Badri. Panch Badri is devoted to adore of Lord Vishnu.
Major Temple of Lord Badrinath ji is known as 'Badrinath'.
Adi Badri is the furthest from the other four badris. It is 17 km from Karnaprayag by a motor able road on the way Ranikhet. The temple has 16 small temples. Seven of Adi Badri temples belong with the late Gupta period. The credit for building these temples is generally given to Shankaracharya. The major Narayan a raised platform distinguished temple in the pyramid shaped, with a black stone god of Vishnu.
Yogadhyan Badri (1920 mt)
Yogadhyan Badri is located at Pandukeshwar. Here the image of Badrinath in a meditative posture. According to the legend, here the Pandavas have handed over Hastinapur to king Parikshit and retired.
The first sanctified place of Lord Bdrinathji is located at a height of 1380 mt. from Animath. Animath is 8 km short of 10 shimath accessible by motor able way. Before Badrinath was designated one of the four 'Dhams' of Hindus by Adi-Shankaracharaya and the god of Badrinathji was worshipped here. The god is known as Vridha Badri. Vridha Badri remains open throughout the year.
Bhavishya Badri (2744 m)
Bhavishya Badri is located at a height of 2,744 mts. and is surrounded by dense forests. It is situated at Subain near Tapovan, about 17 km east of Joshimath on Joshimath-Lata Malari route. The name Bhavishya Badri literally means "future badri".
Pilgrimage Attractions in Badrinath
Before entering the Badrinath temple disciple take a dip in the usual thermal springs on the banks for the Alaknanda River.
On the bank of Alaknada River a flat platform of hindu perform propitiating rites for their dead intimates.
Badrinath a pyramidal shaped snowy peak very tall and presents a theatrical view. Neelkanth is popularly known as the 'Garhwal Queen'.
Dhauliganga and Alaknanda rivers are the confluence. An ancient Lord Vishnu temple stands by a pool. It is called as Vishnu Kund.
Mandakini and Alaknanda rivers are the confluence. The temple of Gopalji is worth to visit.
The five most important confluences - Karnaprayag, Nandprayag, Vishnuprayag, Deoprayag and Rudraprayag from the panch prayag.
Mandakini and Alaknanda rivers are the confluence. Chamunda Devi and Rudranath temple are noteworthy.
Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers are the confluence. Here found are ancient stone scriptures. Raghunath Temple and Shiv Temple are important pilgrim spots.
Pindar and Alaknanda rivers are the confluence with Karna and Uma Temple.
Temple of Mata Murti (3 km)
On the right bank of the river Alaknanda stands the temple devoted to the mother of Sri Badrinathji.
Alka Puri (15 km)
The basis river of Alaknanda from the glacier snouts of Bhagirath to Kharak and Satopanth glaciers.
Joshi math (44 kms.)
Shri Badrinathji winter home is located on the slopes above the flowing together of Dhauliganga and Alaknanda. Adi Guru Shankaracharya is established by the four 'maths'.
Srinagar is old capital of Garhwal with an important educational centre and cultural. Visit to places include the Shankar Math and Kilkeshwar and Kamleshwar temples.
Hemkund Sahib (43 km)
Hemkund is the sanctified lake near the valley of flowers and important pilgrimage of the Hindus and Sikhs. Along its coasts is the sanctified Sikh Shrine where Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru united with god after protracted mediation in his earlier birth. Hemkund is nearby the Lakshman Temple. Lakshman is the brother of Lord Rama performed his penance.
Govind ghat (25 km)
Lakshman Ganga and Alaknanda rivers are the confluence. It has an impressive Gurudwara named after Guru Gobind Singh.
Satopanth (25 km)
About 1 km with a circumference a three cornered lake is located at a height of 4,402 mt above sea level. It is named after the Hindu-triad-Vishnu, Mahesh and Brahma, who are believed to occupy one, corner each of the lake. With dramatic landscapes is hazardous the trek. Advisable is an experienced guide.
How to get there
- Air: Nearest airport, Jolly Grant (317 kms.)
- Rail: Nearest railhead, Rishikesh (300 kms.), Kotdwar (327 kms.)
- Road: It is well connected to kotdwar, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Dehradun and other hill stations of Kumaon and Garhwal area.